Article: article from journal or magazin.
The expression and function of the endothelin system in contractile properties of vaginal myofibroblasts of women with uterovaginal prolapse.
American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology
OBJECTIVE: The endothelin-1 system regulates (myo)fibroblast contraction in wound healing. Our aim was to determine endothelin-1 system expression and function in contractile properties of vaginal myofibroblasts of women with uterovaginal prolapse. STUDY DESIGN: Cultures of alpha-smooth muscle actin-positive myofibroblasts that were established at the time of repair surgery for prolapse (n = 30; mean age, 56 +/- 14 years) were analyzed and compared for their expression of the endothelin-1 system and contractile properties to myofibroblasts from primiparous women. RESULTS: Myofibroblasts expressed the complete endothelin system but did not secrete endothelin-1. Endothelin-1 binding was mediated exclusively by the endothelin B-receptor. In 3-dimensional collagen gels, spontaneous contraction of myofibroblasts from estrogen-treated women with prolapse was statistically significantly lower than from young primiparous women. Exogenous addition of endothelin-1 decreased the spontaneous contraction of myofibroblasts. CONCLUSION: Genital myofibroblasts of women with uterovaginal prolapse are poorly contractile, and endothelin-1 further decreases vaginal myofibroblast contraction, which is opposite to observations in skin myofibroblasts.
Actins, Adult, Aged, Cells, Cultured, Endothelin-1, Female, Fibroblasts, Humans, Middle Aged, Muscle Contraction, Uterine Prolapse, Vagina
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