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Consommation d'aliments riches en calcium dans la population adulte de Suisse romande et du Tessin. [Consumption of calcium-rich food in the adult population of French-speaking Switzerland and of Tessin].
Sozial- Und Präventivmedizin
Food intake high in calcium content is important in the development of skeleton and the prevention of osteoporosis. From a public health perspective, it is therefore important to know the dietary calcium intake of a population. Two population surveys in the French and Italian parts of Switzerland (MONICA, 1988-1989, and Geneva, 1991), were combined to study nutritional habits related to calcium intake. A random population sample, aged 35 et 65 years, answered to a 24 hour recall questionnaire, either self-administered (MONICA, cantons of Vaud, Fribourg and Tessin, N = 2734) or by phone (canton of Geneva, N = 475). In the 4 cantons, for the previous day, 60% of participants ate dairy products, particularly whole milk and cheese. They drunk 3-4 dl/day of milk. A significant proportion (10%) of french and italian speaking Swiss did not consume any food high in calcium content. In Geneva, the mean daily calcium intake was 656 mg in men and 489 mg in women. In conclusion 1) eating habits related to calcium intake are similar across cantons; 2) women consume dairy products more frequently than men, but in smaller quantities; 3) about 60% of men and 80% of women do not get the daily amount of calcium recommended for the prevention of osteoporosis.
Adult, Aged, Anthropology, Calcium, Dietary, Diet Surveys, Female, Food Preferences, Humans, Linear Models, Male, Middle Aged, Osteoporosis/prevention & control, Population Surveillance, Sampling Studies, Switzerland
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