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Personality effects and sex differences on the international affective picture system (IAPS) : a Spanish and Swiss study
Personality and Individual Differences
The present study analyses the relationship between Anxiety and Impulsivity personality factors and emotions, by controlling for country and sex effects in a sample of Spanish and Swiss university students. Emotions were assessed through the International Affective Picture System (IAPS) of pictures (valence/arousal) using the Self-Assessment Manikin (SAM) procedure. The mixed valence/arousal groups' pictures were formed according to Tok, Koyuncu, Dural and Catikkas procedure (2010). Results showed that females scored significantly higher in Anxiety factor and men in Impulsivity factor in both countries. The effect of sex was highly significant for Anxiety (ŋ2: 0.12), but there was no significant effect of the country. Also, females obtained higher scores in the four valence/arousal pictures groups. The sex effect was particularly robust for negative valence-high arousal (ŋ2: 0.13). Impulsivity correlated with high ratings of positive valence-high arousal while Anxiety correlated with high ratings of negative valence-high arousal and with high ratings of negative valence-low arousal in both sexes, although scores were higher for females. Structural Equation Modelling confirmed these relationships. Nevertheless, Anxiety and Impulsivity explained only a small amount of the accounted variance of the self-reported valence and arousal of the pictures.
IAPS, SAM, Personality, Anxiety, Impulsivity
Web of science
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