Article: article from journal or magazin.
Case report (case report): feedback on an observation with a short commentary.
Ectopic duodenal insulinoma: a very rare and challenging tumor type. Description of a case and review of the literature.
Publication types: Case Reports ; Journal Article ; ReviewPublication Status: ppublish
Although most insulinomas are located in the pancreas, very rare ectopic cases have been described in the spleen, perisplenic tissue, duodenohepatic ligament, and adjacent to the ligament of Treitz. Moreover, three cases located in the duodenum have also been reported in the English literature. Ectopic insulinomas represent challenging neoplasms with clinical implications mainly due to the difficulties in their pre-operatory diagnosis and localization. In the present paper, we describe the fourth ectopic duodenal insulinoma so far reported. A 75-year-old woman presented at clinical observation due to neuroglycopenic symptoms that disappeared after glucose intake. Tumor was localized in the second portion of the duodenum in front of the papilla of Vater and was surgically enucleated. Microscopically, it was composed of monomorphic cells with eosinophilic cytoplasm arranged in trabecular and lobular patterns and diffusely positive for insulin, proinsulin, amylin, and PDX1. About 30 % of tumor cells also showed immunoreactivity for somatostatin, while no positivity for glucagon, pancreatic polypeptide, gastrin, serotonin, and somatostatin receptor subtype 2A was found. The Ki67 proliferative index was 1 %. We have also reviewed the literature on this topic to give the reader a comprehensive overview of this very rare tumor type.
Aged, Duodenal Neoplasms/metabolism, Duodenal Neoplasms/pathology, Female, Homeodomain Proteins/metabolism, Humans, Insulin/metabolism, Insulinoma/metabolism, Insulinoma/pathology, Somatostatin/metabolism, Trans-Activators/metabolism
Web of science
Last modification date