Urban Systems Between National and Global: Recent Reconfiguration Through Transnational Networks

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Etat: Public
Version: de l'auteur
ID Serval
serval:BIB_D31B5D5E9C5E
Type
Partie de livre
Collection
Publications
Titre
Urban Systems Between National and Global: Recent Reconfiguration Through Transnational Networks
Titre du livre
International and Transnational Perspectives on Urban Systems
Auteur(s)
Rozenblat C.
Editeur
Springer
Lieu d'édition
Singapour
ISBN
978-981-10-7798-2
978-981-10-7799-9
Statut éditorial
Publié
Date de publication
2018
Peer-reviewed
Oui
Editeur scientifique
Rozenblat C., Pumain D., Velasquez E.
Série
Advances in Geographical and Environmental Sciences
Numéro de chapitre
2
Pages
19-49
Langue
anglais
Résumé
Because the whole book’s issue assumes the uneven integrations of national/continental urban systems inside the global economy, this chapter evaluates the rates and qualitative modes of integration of the national urban systems by
the economic networks that are dominated by multinational firms. The empirical study encompasses the largest 1250 cities of the world delineated in a comparative way according to common definitions of large urban regions (LURs). The position of LURs in multinational firms’ ownership networks in 2 years, 2010 and 2013, corresponds to the deepest period of the crisis and the following recovery, respectively. Thus, we checked that the fast reorganization of multinational firms facing this crisis between 2010 and 2013 did not fundamentally transform their strong urban organization but rather introduced some minor changes, particularly due to the simultaneous breakthrough of emergent countries’ companies (especially the Chinese ones). Synthetic network clustering methods partitioning cities of the world offer clear visions of the structure of the multipolar urban networks. They reveal “regions” of integration of cities for all kinds of multinational companies but also distinguishing companies according to their skill levels either in industry or in services. A special attention is given to some highly integrated cities appearing with properties of “city-states,” i.e., without a strong national urban system.
Mots-clé
Networks of cities, Globalization, Multinational firms, Clustering methods, multipolar system
Open Access
Oui
Création de la notice
24/10/2018 14:02
Dernière modification de la notice
20/08/2019 16:53
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