Inproceedings: an article in a conference proceedings.
Abstract (Abstract): shot summary in a article that contain essentials elements presented during a scientific conference, lecture or from a poster.
Molecular investigation of lymph nodes in patients with colon cancer: a new road to better staging
Title of the conference
97th Annual Congress of the Swiss Society of Surgery
Interlaken, Switzerland, May 26-28, 2010
British Journal of Surgery
Publication type : Meeting Abstract
Objective: Small nodal tumor infiltrates are identified by applying multilevel sectioning and immunohistochemistry (IHC) in addition to H&E (hematoxylin and eosin) stains of resected lymph nodes. However, the use of multilevel sectioning and IHC is very time-consuming and costly. The current standard analysis of lymph nodes in colon cancer patients is based on one slide per lymph node stained by H&E. A new molecular diagnostic system called ''One tep Nucleic Acid Amplification'' (OSNA) was designed for a more accurate detection of lymph node metastases. The objective of the present investigation was to compare the performance ofOSNAto current standard histology (H&E). We hypothesize that OSNA provides a better staging than the routine use of one slide H&E per lymph node.Methods: From 22 colon cancer patients 307 frozen lymph nodes were used to compare OSNA with H&E. The lymph nodes were cut into halves. One half of the lymph node was analyzed by OSNA. The semi-automated OSNA uses amplification of reverse-transcribed cytokeratin19 (CK19) mRNA directly from the homogenate. The remaining tissue was dedicated to histology, with 5 levels of H&E and IHC staining (CK19).Results: On routine evaluation of oneH&Eslide 7 patients were nodal positive (macro-metastases). All these patients were recognized by OSNA analysis as being positive (sensitivity 100%). Two of the remaining 15 patients had lymph node micro-metastases and 9 isolated tumor cells. For the patients with micrometastases both H&E and OSNA were positive in 1 of the 2 patients. For patients with isolated tumor cells, H&E was positive in 1/9 cases whereas OSNA was positive in 3/9 patients (IHC as a reference). There was only one case to be described as IHC negative/OSNA positive. On the basis of single lymph nodes the sensitivity of OSNA and the 5 levels of H&E and IHC was 94・5%.Conclusion: OSNA is a novel molecular tool for the detection of lymph node metastases in colon cancer patients which provides better staging compared to the current standard evaluation of one slide H&E stain. Since the use of OSNA allows the analysis of the whole lymph node, sampling bias and undetected tumor deposits due to uninvestigated material will be overcome. OSNA improves staging in colon cancer patients and may replace the current standard of H&E staining in the future.
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