Inproceedings: an article in a conference proceedings.
Abstract (Abstract): shot summary in a article that contain essentials elements presented during a scientific conference, lecture or from a poster.
Role of homer 1 proteins in the calcium signaling pathway(s) underlying exo-endocytosis processes of glutamatergic slmvs in astrocytes
Title of the conference
10th European Meeting on Glial Cells in Health and Disease
Prague, Czech Republic, September 13-17, 2011
Publication type : Meeting Abstract
The discovery that astrocytes possess a nonelectrical form of excitability (calcium excitability) that leads to the release of chemical transmitters, an activity called gliotransmission, indicates that these cells may have additional important roles in brain function. Elucidating the stimulussecretion coupling leading to the exocytic release of chemical transmitters (such as glutamate, Bezzi et al., Nature Neurosci, 2004) may therefore clarify i) whether astrocytes represent in full a new class of secretory cells in the brain and ii) whether they can participate to the fast brain signaling in the brain. We have recently discovered the existence in astrocytes of functional sub-membrane microdomains of calcium release from the internal stores in response to mGluR5 activation (Marchaland et al., J of Neurosci., 2008). Such sub-plasma membrane calcium microdomains control exocytosis of astrocytic glutamate signaling to neurons. Homer proteins are scaffold proteins controlling calcium signaling in different cellular microdomains, including dendritic spines in neurons (Sala et al., J of Neurosci., 2005). Thus, similarly to dendritic pines, Homer1 could be implicated in the coupling between astrocytic mGluR5 and IP3Rs on the ER. Here, by using a recently developed approach for studying vesicle recycling dynamics at synapses (Voglmaier et al., Neuron, 2006; Balaji and Ryan, PNAS, 2007) combined with epifluorescence and total internal reflection fluorescence (TIRF) imaging, we investigated the involvement of Homer1 proteins in the calcium dependent stimulus-secretion coupling leading glutamate exocytosis of synaptic-like microvesicles (SLMVs) in astrocytes.
Homer, calcium microdomain, SLMVs,
Web of science
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