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Calibration of an HPGe detector and self-attenuation correction for Pb-210: Verification by alpha spectrometry of Po-210 in environmental samples
Nuclear Instruments & Methods in Physics Research Section A-Accelerators Spectrometers Detectors and Associated Equipment
In this work the calibration of an HPGe detector for Pb-210 measurement is realised by a liquid standard source and the determination of this radionuclide in solid environmental samples by gamma spectrometry takes into account a correction factor for self-attenuation of its 46.5 keV line. Experimental, theoretical and Monte Carlo investigations are undertaken to evaluate self-attenuation for cylindrical sample geometry. To validate this correction factor (at equilibrium with Po-210 Pb-210) alpha spectrometry procedure using microwave acid digestion under pressure is developed and proposed. The different self-attenuation correction methods are in coherence, and corrected Pb-210 activities are in good agreement with the results of Po-210. Finally, self-attenuation corrections are proposed for environmental solid samples whose density ranges between 0.8 and 1.4 g/cm(3) and whose mass attenuation coefficient is around 0.4 cm(2)/g. (C) 2007 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
HPGe calibration, Pb-210, Po-210, self-attenuation correction, environmental solid samples, Monte Carlo simulations, GAMMA-SPECTROMETRY, SIMULATION
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