Article: article from journal or magazin.
Cytosolic sensing of extracellular self-DNA transported into monocytes by the antimicrobial peptide LL37.
Publication types: Journal Article ; Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural ; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
The intracellular location of nucleic acid sensors prevents recognition of extracellular self-DNA released by dying cells. However, on forming a complex with the endogenous antimicrobial peptide LL37, extracellular DNA is transported into endosomal compartments of plasmacytoid dendritic cells, leading to activation of Toll-like receptor-9 and induction of type I IFNs. Whether LL37 also transports self-DNA into nonplasmacytoid dendritic cells, leading to type I IFN production via other intracellular DNA receptors is unknown. Here we found that LL37 very efficiently transports self-DNA into monocytes, leading the production of type I IFNs in a Toll-like receptor-independent manner. This type I IFN induction was mediated by double-stranded B form DNA, regardless of its sequence, CpG content, or methylation status, and required signaling through the adaptor protein STING and TBK1 kinase, indicating the involvement of cytosolic DNA sensors. Thus, our study identifies a novel link between the antimicrobial peptides and type I IFN responses involving DNA-dependent activation of cytosolic sensors in monocytes.
Cathelicidins/immunology, Cathelicidins/metabolism, Cytosol/immunology, Cytosol/metabolism, DNA/immunology, DNA/metabolism, Extracellular Space/metabolism, Humans, Interferon Type I/biosynthesis, Interferon Type I/immunology, Microscopy, Confocal, Monocytes/immunology, Monocytes/metabolism, Real-Time Polymerase Chain Reaction
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