Inproceedings: An article in a conference proceedings.
Abstract (Abstract): shot summary in a article that contain essentials elements presented during a scientific conference, lecture or from a poster.
Single cell analysis reveals similar functional competence of dominant and non-dominant CD8 T-cell clonotypes
Title of the conference
Annual Congress SGAI-SSAI, Advances in immunology and allergology: from research to diagnosis and therapy
Lugano, Switzerland, March 17-18, 2011
The properties of CD8 T-cells requiredfor protection from infectiousdisease and cancer are only partiallycharacterized, and only limited data isavailable regarding T-cell clonotypes.It has been proposed that dominantT-cell clonotypes may have higherprotective potential than their nondominantcounterparts. Our objectiveswere to assess memory andeffector functions, stage of differentiationand clonotype selection of tumor-reactive T lymphocytes followingpeptide vaccination in melanomapatients.We also characterized dominantversus non-dominant clonotypesto further understand the in vivo functionof these T-cells based on theirprevalence. Using a novel single-cellapproach for simultaneous ex vivomolecular and functional analysis, wereport the preferential selection andexpansion of several tumor-specificco-dominant clonotypes of intermediateto high frequencies, irrespectiveof whether native or analog peptidewas used for vaccination. Theseclonotypes made up 40 - 95% of thedifferentiated "effector-like" T-cells,but only 25% of the less-differentiated"effector-memory" cells. Bothsubsets also contained non-dominantT-cell clonotypes, but these were significantlymore frequent in the lessdifferentiatedcells. Thus, cell differentiationwas clonotype-dependent.Surprisingly however, the acquisitionof memory and effector T-cell propertieswas clonotype independent, as wefound similar functional profiles indominant and low/ non-dominantT-cell clonotypes. In contrast to analogpeptide vaccination, native peptidevaccination induced T-cell functionsthat were more comprehensive,with more pronounced effector functionscombined with memory cellproperties. In summary, this study revealsthat T-cell functions are determinedprimarily by the antigen andthe stage of T-cell differentiation, butare similar in dominant and non-dominantclonotypes participating in aCD8 T-cell response. The identifiedclonotypic basis of T-cell responsescontributes to the rational developmentof vaccines.
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