Article: article from journal or magazin.
Spinal epidural hematoma: not always an obvious diagnosis.
European Journal of Emergency Medicine
Publication types: Case Reports ; Journal Article Publication Status: ppublish
Spinal epidural hematoma (SEH) is a rare neurosurgical emergency. SEH is characterized by an archetypal clinical presentation including abrupt spinal pain followed more or less rapidly by various degrees of neurological deficit. The diagnosis of SEH, often based on a clinical presumption, represents a clinical challenge. Several reports have outlined missed or delayed diagnosis due to unusual and confusing onsets or unawareness of this diagnosis by physicians. Therefore, physicians should keep in mind the possibility of SEH in their differential diagnosis when confronted with patients complaining of sudden onset of acute spinal pain with or without neurological sign, because the impact of a delayed diagnosis can be disabling catastrophic neurological sequelae. We suggest that SEH is a dynamic disease, which occurs in patients with an abnormal vasculature structural degenerative change. The bleeding is probably of multifactorial origin incriminating veins as well as arteries. Therefore, we proposed a classification of SEH, according to the most probable etiology whatever the associated factors, in six groups: spontaneous, secondary, iatrogenic, traumatic, recurrent, and idiopathic SEH.
Adult, Aged, Diagnosis, Differential, Female, Hematoma, Epidural, Spinal/classification, Hematoma, Epidural, Spinal/diagnosis, Humans, Magnetic Resonance Imaging, Male, Prognosis, Spinal Diseases/classification, Spinal Diseases/diagnosis
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