Article: article from journal or magazin.
Preclinical assessment of JNJ-26854165 (Serdemetan), a novel tryptamine compound with radiosensitizing activity in vitro and in tumor xenografts.
Publication types: In Vitro ; Journal Article ; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov'tPublication Status: ppublish
Serdemetan (JNJ-26854165) is a novel tryptamine compound with antiproliferative activity in various p53 wild-type (WT) tumor cell lines. We investigated its potential as radiosensitizer using four human cancer cell lines: H460, A549, p53-WT-HCT116, and p53-null-HCT116. Serdemetan inhibited clonogenic survival in all cell lines, but in a lower extent in p53-null-HCT116. In the combination studies, Serdemetan treatment at 0.25μM in H460 and at 5μM in A549 cells resulted in a sensitivity-enhancement ratio of 1.18 and 1.36, respectively. At 2Gy, surviving fractions were 0.72 and 0.97 for p53-WT HCT116 and p53-null cells exposed to 0.5μM of Serdemetan, respectively (p<0.05). Radiosensitization of H460 and A549 cells was associated with G2/M cell cycle arrest and with an increased expression of p53 and p21. In vivo, Serdemetan caused a greater than additive increase in tumor growth delay. The dose enhancement factor was 1.9 and 1.6 for H460 and A549 tumors, respectively. Serdemetan inhibited proliferation, capillary tube formation and migration of HMEC-1 cells. These effects were more marked concurrently with irradiation. These results in tumor and endothelial cells suggest that Serdemetan has potential as a radiosensitizer. Further investigations are warranted with regard to the molecular mechanisms underlying its actions and its dependency regarding p53 status.
Blotting, Western, Cell Cycle, Cell Line, Tumor, Cyclin-Dependent Kinase Inhibitor p21/metabolism, Drug Evaluation, Preclinical, Humans, Radiation-Sensitizing Agents/pharmacology, Tryptamines/pharmacology, Tumor Suppressor Protein p53/metabolism, Xenograft Model Antitumor Assays
Web of science
Last modification date