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How to prescribe nutritional support using computers.
World Review of Nutrition and Dietetics
Publication types: Journal ArticlePublication Status: ppublish
As other intensive care unit (ICU) therapies, nutritional support has become more complex requiring tight supervision and monitoring. It has repeatedly been shown that despite awareness of guidelines and prescription of the recommended amounts of energy (25 kcal/kg), underfeeding remains a prominent problem worldwide. In patients with prolonged stays, overfeeding has also become an issue. This lack of fit between prescription and delivery is largely caused by the lack of visibility of the nutritional results to nurses and clinicians. Computerized systems have brought major improvements, mainly through the customization of nutrition relevant variables in a single place, making them visible. Another important point is the possibility to change the ICU time constant to days and weeks which is the delay relevant for nutritional changes to appear, instead of minutes and hours which are more relevant for critical care.
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