Article: article from journal or magazin.
Compliance with the Swiss Society for Nutrition's dietary recommendations in the population of Geneva, Switzerland: a 10-year trend study (1999-2009).
Journal of the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics
Publication types: Journal Article ; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't Publication Status: ppublish
The trends in compliance with the dietary recommendations of the Swiss Society for Nutrition in the Geneva population were assessed for the period from 1999 to 2009 using 10 cross-sectional, population-based surveys (Bus Santé study) with a total of 9,320 participants aged 35 to 75 years (50% women). Dietary intake was assessed using a self-administered, validated, semi-quantitative food frequency questionnaire. Trends were assessed by logistic regression adjusting for age, smoking status, education, and nationality using survey year as the independent variable. After excluding participants with extreme intakes, the percentage of participants with a cholesterol intake of <300 mg/day increased from 40.8% in 1999 to 43.6% in 2009 for men (multivariate-adjusted P for trend=0.04) and from 57.8% to 61.4% in women (multivariate-adjusted P for trend=0.06). Calcium intake >1 g/day decreased from 53.3% to 46% in men and from 47.6% to 40.7% in women (multivariate-adjusted P for trend<0.001). Adequate iron intake decreased from 68.3% to 65.3% in men and from 13.3% to 8.4% in women (multivariate-adjusted P for trend<0.001). Conversely, no significant changes were observed for carbohydrates, protein, total fat (including saturated, monounsaturated, and polyunsaturated fatty acids), fiber, and vitamins D and A. We conclude that the quality of the Swiss diet did not improve between 1999 and 2009 and that intakes deviate substantially from expert recommendations for health promotion and chronic disease risk reduction.
Adult, Aged, Body Mass Index, Cross-Sectional Studies, Diet, Diet Surveys, Dietary Carbohydrates/administration & dosage, Dietary Fats/administration & dosage, Dietary Fiber/administration & dosage, Dietary Proteins/administration & dosage, Energy Intake, Fatty Acids, Monounsaturated/administration & dosage, Fatty Acids, Unsaturated/administration & dosage, Female, Food Habits, Health Promotion, Humans, Logistic Models, Male, Micronutrients/administration & dosage, Middle Aged, Multivariate Analysis, Nutrition Assessment, Nutritional Status, Patient Compliance, Questionnaires, Recommended Dietary Allowances, Switzerland
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