Article: article from journal or magazin.
99mTc-2-Methoxy-Isobutyl-Isonitril in der Diagnostik der koronaren Herzkrankheit: Ergebnisse einer Multizenterstudie. [99mTc-2-methoxy-isobutyl-isonitrile in the diagnosis of coronary heart disease: results of a multicenter study]
Clinical Trial Comparative Study English Abstract Journal Article Multicenter Study --- Old month value: Aug
A total of 226 patients was studied in a phase-III multicenter trial to compare the results of stress/rest 99mTc-MIBI with 201TI scintigraphy and/or coronary arteriography. The evaluation of planar and SPECT imaging was based on a semiquantitative visual scoring. A congruent diagnosis was generated from all planar 201TI and 99mTc-MIBI scintigrams performed in 36 patients. In 62 of 63 patients, SPECT-studies with 99mTc-MIBI and 201TI led to an identical diagnosis. In one patient a positive result was obtained with 201TI-SPECT whereas 99mTc-MIBI was negative. Segmental agreement for 1509 SPECT segments was 85.7%, for 554 planar segments it was 86.6%. In comparison to coronary arteriography, performed in 180 patients, the overall sensitivity for the correct diagnosis of coronary artery disease (CAD) was 86% for planar MIBI scintigraphy or 92% for MIBI-SPECT. Overall specificity was 100% for planar imaging and 57% for SPECT. The low specificity of MIBI-SPECT was probably due to high prevalence of CAD in this study population. In a subgroup of 43 patients, who underwent coronary angiography, identical results were found with 99mTc-MIBI and 201TI. Only one patient showed a positive scintigraphic result with both 99mTc-MIBI and 201TI without angiographically proven stenosis greater than 50% or prior myocardial infarction. Vessel sensitivities in stenosed coronary arteries (greater than 50% stenosis) were 54% for the LAD and 87% for the RCX/RCA areas with MIBI-SPECT, or 51% or 79% for planar scintigraphy, respectively. Vessel specificities for SPECT were 65% in the LAD or 52% in the RCX/RCA, or 90% or 83% in planar imaging.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)
Adult Aged Coronary Angiography Coronary Disease/radiography/*radionuclide imaging Female Humans Male Middle Aged Nitriles/*diagnostic use Organotechnetium Compounds/*diagnostic use Technetium Tc 99m Sestamibi Thallium Radioisotopes/diagnostic use Tomography, Emission-Computed, Single-Photon
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