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Concentrations sériques de protéines placentaires au 1er trimestre dans des grossesses monofoetales et multiples après FIV : implications pour le dépistage de la trisomie 21 [First trimester serum concentrations of placental proteins in singleton and multiple IVF pregnancies: implications for Down syndrome screening]
Immuno-Analyse et Biologie Spécialisée
First trimester biochemical trisomy screening is based on serum concentrations of pregnancy-associated plasma protein A (PAPP-A) and human chorionic gonadotrophin (hCG). Our aim was to confirm previously suggested modifications in serum marker concentrations after in vitro fertilisation (IVF) and embryo transfer (ET), and to assess the need of establishing normal medians for trisomy screening in these. We compared 56 singleton pregnancies obtained after ET (of which 40 in gonadotrophin stimulation cycles) with 120 gestation-matched spontaneous controls. For multiple pregnancies, 17 treated cycles were compared with 25 controls. The levels of PAPP-A, hCG, and pregnancy-specific β1-glycoprotein were determined and compared between treated and spontaneous pregnancies. Serum PAPP-A levels were reduced in pregnancies achieved after gonadotrophin-stimulated IVF and ET, and this was more pronounced in earlier gestational stages. SP1 followed the same trend, while hCG tended to be increased, and this not only in pregnancies obtained from gonadotrophin-stimulated but also from oestrogen supported cycles, and with a more pronounced effect in the later gestational ages examined here. Decreased PAPP-A together with increased hCG concentrations produce falsely elevated results in first trimester Down syndrome screening, but we do not recommend the establishment of normal medians for IVF pregnancies due to the variations in stimulation protocols.
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