Article: article from journal or magazin.
Determination of the enantiomers of thioridazine, thioridazine 2-sulfone, and of the isomeric pairs of thioridazine 2-sulfoxide and thioridazine 5-sulfoxide in human plasma.
Journal of Chromatography. B, Biomedical Applications
Publication types: Journal Article ; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov'tPublication Status: ppublish
Thioridazine is a commonly prescribed phenothiazine drug administered as a racemate and it is believed that its antipsychotic effect is mainly associated with (R)-thioridazine. A method based on high-performance liquid chromatography has been developed for the determination of the enantiomers of thioridazine and thioridazine 2-sulfone (THD 2-SO2 or sulforidazine) and of the enantiomers of the diastereoisomeric pairs of thioridazine 2-sulfoxide (THD 2-SO or mesoridazine) and thioridazine 5-sulfoxide (THD 5-SO) in the plasma of thioridazine-treated patients. The method involves sequential achiral and chiral HPLC. The limits of quantitation for total (R) + (S) concentrations were found to be 15 ng/ml for thioridazine and 5 ng/ml for its metabolites. The limits for the determination of the (R)/(S) ratios were found to be 60 ng/ml for racemic THD and 10 ng/ml for racemic THD 2-SO, THD 2-SO2, THD 5-SO (FE) and THD 5-SO (SE). The method has been used to determine the concentrations of the enantiomers of thioridazine and of its metabolites in the plasma of a patient treated with 100 mg of racemic thioridazine hydrochloride per os per day for 14 days. The results show a high enantioselectivity in the metabolism of this drug: the (R)/(S) ratios for THD, THD 2-SO (FE), THD 2-SO (SE), THD 2-SO2, THD 5-SO (FE) and THD 5-SO (SE) were found to be 3.90, 1.22, 6.10, 4.10, 0.09 and 28.0, respectively.
Antipsychotic Agents/blood, Chromatography, High Pressure Liquid, Humans, Isomerism, Spectrometry, Fluorescence, Stereoisomerism, Thioridazine/analogs & derivatives, Thioridazine/blood
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