Inproceedings: An article in a conference proceedings.
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Predictors of physiotherapy and occupational therapy use two years after a vocational rehabilitation for orthopaedic trauma
Title of the conference
SOFMER 2011, 26e congrès de la Société Française de Médecine Physique et de Réadaptation
Nantes, France, 13-15 octobre 2011
Annals of Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine
Introduction.- Health care utilization is an important field of our economy. Nevertheless a minority of cases induce the majority of costs. For instance, in the setting of accident insurance, the most expensive 5% of all injured cases involve 80% of the health care costs. Although physiotherapy and occupational therapy consist of only a small proportion of these costs, it is nevertheless important to evaluate the factors that predict its use in order to improve services (i.e. allocation of resources to those who need them and benefit most).Patients and methods.- In this longitudinal prospective study, the cohort consisted of 2156 consecutively included patients with orthopaedic problems attending the clinique Romande de réadaptation (CRR) at Sion for inpatient rehabilitation after a work, traffic or leisure related injury. Two years after discharge, a questionnaire regarding the use of different health cares was send to the patients (1502 patients returned their questionnaires). The aim of this study was to calculate, with a logistic multivariate model, in-patient hospitalized for orthopaedic problems, the variables that mostly predict physiotherapy use 2 years after discharge.Results.- The full multivariate model contains 46 predictors. The use of physiotherapy and occupational therapy was significantly predicted in this multivariate model by the following predictors: Patients with a spinal problem (OR 1.51 versus lower-extremity problem, 95% CI 1.01 to 2.27), a disability pension (OR 1.69, 95% CI 1.09 to 2.60), patients with sports activities (OR 1.56, 95% CI 1.26 to 1.94), patients with longer stay at the rehabilitation clinic (OR 1.22 per week, 95% CI 1.05 to 1.41), women (OR 1.64, 95% CI 1.09 to 2.48) and those consulting a psychiatrist (OR 1.66, 95% CI 1.06 to 2.60).Discussion.- In this prospective study with a 2-year follow-up, different factors predicted the use of physiotherapy and occupational therapy after an injury. Further studies are needed to clarify the impact of these factors for the health care utilization and the strategies, which would allow to improve allocation of available resources.
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