Inproceedings: An article in a conference proceedings.
Abstract (Abstract): shot summary in a article that contain essentials elements presented during a scientific conference, lecture or from a poster.
Vibration Training Elicits a Mixed Aerobic and Resistance-type Exercise in Sedentary Subjects
Title of the conference
57th Annual Meeting of the American College Sports Medicine, Inaugural World Congress on Exercise is Medicine
Baltimore, Maryland, June 1-5, 2010
Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise
Publication type : Meeting Abstract
PURPOSE: We hypothesize that untrained subjects can benefit from a greater cardiovascular stimulation than trained athletes, resembling classical aerobic-type activity, in addition to eliciting strength gains.METHODS: 3 groups of male subjects, inactive (SED), endurance trained (END) and strength trained (STR) underwent fitness (VO2max) and lower-body strength tests (isokinetic). Subjects were submitted to a session of oscillating VT, composed of 3 exercises (isometric half-squat, dynamic squat, dynamic squat with added load), each of 3 minutes duration, and repeated at 3 vibration frequencies (20, 26 and 32 Hz). VO2, heart rate and Borg scale were monitored.RESULTS: 27 healthy subjects (10 SED, 9 END and 8 STR), mean age 24.5 (SED), 25.0 (STR) and 29.8 (END) were included. VO2max was significantly different as expected (47.9 vs. 52.9 vs. 63.9 mL?min-1?kg-1, resp. for SED, STR and END). Isokinetic dominant leg extensors strength was higher in STR (3.32 N?m?kg-1 vs. 2.60 and 2.74 in SED and END). During VT, peak oxygen consumption (% of VO2max) attained was 59.3 in SED, 50.8 in STR and 48.0 in END (P<0.001 between SED and other subjects). Peak heart rate (% of heart rate max) was 82.7 in SED, 80.4 in STR and 72.4 in END. In SED, dynamic exercises without extra load elicited 51.0 % of VO2max and 72.1 % of heart rate max, and perceived effort reached 15.1/20.CONCLUSIONS: VT is an unconventional type of exercise, known to enhance strength, bone density, balance and flexibility. Users are attracted by the relative passivity. In SED, VT elicits sufficient cardiovascular response to benefit overall fitness in addition to the strength effects. VT's higher acceptance as an exercise in sedentary people, compared to jogging or cycling, can lead to better adherence to physical activity. Although long-term effects of VT on health are not available, we believe this type of mixed aerobic and resistance-type exercise can be beneficial on multiple health parameters, especially cardiovascular health.
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