A Master's thesis.
Master (thesis) (master)
The right dorsolateral prefrontal cortex prevents post-error slowing
Université de Lausanne, Faculté de biologie et médecine
Number of pages
Adjusting behavior following the detection of inappropriate actions allows flexible adaptation to task demands and environmental contingencies during goal-directed behaviors. Post-error behavioral adjustments typically consist in adopting more cautious response mode, which manifests as a slowing down of response speed. Although converging evidence involves the dorsolateral prefrontal cortex (DLPFC) in post-error behavioral adjustment, whether and when the left or right DLPFC is critical for post-error slowing (PES), as well as the underlying brain mechanisms, remain highly debated. To resolve these issues, we used single-pulse transcranial magnetic stimulation in healthy human adults to disrupt the left or right DLPFC selectively at various delays within the 30-180ms interval following false alarms commission, while participants preformed a standard visual Go/NoGo task. PES significantly increased after TMS disruption of the right, but not the left DLPFC at 150ms post-FA response. We discuss these results in terms of an involvement of the right DLPFC in reducing the detrimental effects of error detection on subsequent behavioral performance, as opposed to implementing adaptative error-induced slowing down of response speed.
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