2018 updated European League Against Rheumatism evidence-based recommendations for the diagnosis of gout.

Détails

ID Serval
serval:BIB_C904AA6E6547
Type
Article: article d'un périodique ou d'un magazine.
Sous-type
Synthèse (review): revue aussi complète que possible des connaissances sur un sujet, rédigée à partir de l'analyse exhaustive des travaux publiés.
Collection
Publications
Titre
2018 updated European League Against Rheumatism evidence-based recommendations for the diagnosis of gout.
Périodique
Annals of the rheumatic diseases
Auteur(s)
Richette P., Doherty M., Pascual E., Barskova V., Becce F., Castaneda J., Coyfish M., Guillo S., Jansen T., Janssens H., Lioté F., Mallen C.D., Nuki G., Perez-Ruiz F., Pimentao J., Punzi L., Pywell A., So A.K., Tausche A.K., Uhlig T., Zavada J., Zhang W., Tubach F., Bardin T.
ISSN
1468-2060 (Electronic)
ISSN-L
0003-4967
Statut éditorial
Publié
Date de publication
01/2020
Peer-reviewed
Oui
Volume
79
Numéro
1
Pages
31-38
Langue
anglais
Notes
Publication types: Journal Article
Publication Status: ppublish
Résumé
Although gout is the most common inflammatory arthritis, it is still frequently misdiagnosed. New data on imaging and clinical diagnosis have become available since the first EULAR recommendations for the diagnosis of gout in 2006. This prompted a systematic review and update of the 2006 recommendations. A systematic review of the literature concerning all aspects of gout diagnosis was performed. Recommendations were formulated using a Delphi consensus approach. Eight key recommendations were generated. A search for crystals in synovial fluid or tophus aspirates is recommended in every person with suspected gout, because demonstration of monosodium urate (MSU) crystals allows a definite diagnosis of gout. There was consensus that a number of suggestive clinical features support a clinical diagnosis of gout. These are monoarticular involvement of a foot or ankle joint (especially the first metatarsophalangeal joint); previous episodes of similar acute arthritis; rapid onset of severe pain and swelling; erythema; male gender and associated cardiovascular diseases and hyperuricaemia. When crystal identification is not possible, it is recommended that any atypical presentation should be investigated by imaging, in particular with ultrasound to seek features suggestive of MSU crystal deposition (double contour sign and tophi). There was consensus that a diagnosis of gout should not be based on the presence of hyperuricaemia alone. There was also a strong recommendation that all people with gout should be systematically assessed for presence of associated comorbidities and risk factors for cardiovascular disease, as well as for risk factors for chronic hyperuricaemia. Eight updated, evidence-based, expert consensus recommendations for the diagnosis of gout are proposed.
Mots-clé
epidemiology, gout, health services research
Pubmed
Web of science
Open Access
Oui
Création de la notice
24/06/2019 8:45
Dernière modification de la notice
11/02/2020 6:19
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