Inproceedings: An article in a conference proceedings.
Abstract (Abstract): shot summary in a article that contain essentials elements presented during a scientific conference, lecture or from a poster.
Photodynamic therapy enhances lipodoxorubcin distribution in sarcoma lung metastasis by lowering tumor interstitial fluid pressure in a rodent model
Title of the conference
97th Annual Congress of the Swiss Society of Surgery
Interlaken, Switzerland, May 26-28, 2010
British Journal of Surgery
Publication type : Meeting Abstract
Objective: The management of sarcoma metastasis by systemic chemotherapy is often unsatisfactory. This has paradoxally been attributed to the leakiness of tumor neovessels which induce high intratumor interstitial fluid pressure (IFP) and limit convection forces that are important for drug distribution. In a rodent model, we have recently shown that photodynamic (PDT) pre treatment of lung metastasis could enhance their uptake of chemotherapy. We hypothesized that PDT transiently decreases tumor IFP which enhances convection and promotes drug distribution.Methods: Sarcoma tumors were generated sub-pleurally in the lungs of 12 rats. Animals were randomized at 10 days into i. no pre-treatment (control) and ii. low dose PDT pre-treatment (0・0625 mg/kg Visudyne, 10J/cm2 and 35 mW/cm2) followed by intravenous Liposomal doxorubicin (LiporubicinTM) administration. Using the wick-in-needle technique, we determined tumor and normal tissue IFP before, during and after PDT. In parallel, the uptake of LiporubicinTM was determined by high performance liquid chromatography in tumor and lung tissues.Results: Tumor IFP was significantly higher than normal tissue IFP in all animals. PDT pre-treatment did not affect normal tissue IFP but caused a significant decrease in tumor IFP (mean decrease by 2+/− 1mmHg) which lasted an average of 30 minutes before reaching baseline values. Tumor but not normal lung tissue LiporubicinTM uptake was significantly increased by 67% with PDT pre-treatment when liporubicin was allowed to circulate for one hour.Conclusion: Photodynamic therapy pre-treatment enhances LiporubicinTM uptake in sarcoma lung metastasis by transiently decreasing tumor IFP. These PDT conditions seem to specifically modulate tumor neovessels but not normal lung vessels.
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