Article: article from journal or magazin.
The influence of tobacco consumption on the relationship between schizotypy and hemispheric asymmetry.
Journal of Behavior Therapy and Experimental Psychiatry
Publication types: Comparative Study ; Journal Article ; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
Tobacco use is positively associated with severity of symptoms along the schizophrenia spectrum. Accordingly it could be argued that neuropsychological performance, formerly thought to be modulated by schizotypy, is actually modulated by drug use or an interaction of drug use and schizotypy. We tested whether habitual cigarette smokers as compared to non-smokers would show a neuropsychological profile similar to that observed along the schizophrenia spectrum and, if so, whether smoking status or nicotine dependence would be more significant modulators of behavior than schizotypy. Because hemispheric dominance has been found to be attenuated along the schizophrenia spectrum, 40 right-handed male students (20 non-smokers) performed lateralized left- (lexical decisions) and right- (facial decision task) hemisphere dominant tasks. All individuals completed self-report measures of schizotypy and nicotine dependence. Schizotypy predicted laterality in addition to smoking status: While positive schizotypy (Unusual Experiences) was unrelated to hemispheric performance, Cognitive Disorganization predicted reduced left hemisphere dominant language functions. These latter findings suggest that Cognitive Disorganization should be regarded separately as a potentially important mediator of thought disorganization and language processing. Additionally, increasing nicotine dependence among smokers predicted a right hemisphere shift of function in both tasks that supports the role of the right hemisphere in compulsive/impulsive behavior.
Adolescent, Functional Laterality/physiology, Humans, Male, Neuropsychological Tests, Schizotypal Personality Disorder/physiopathology, Schizotypal Personality Disorder/psychology, Smoking/physiopathology, Tobacco Use Disorder/physiopathology, Young Adult
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