Article: article from journal or magazin.
Biologically enhanced ACL reconstruction.
Orthopaedics and Traumatology, Surgery and Research
Biological integration of the tendon graft is a crucial prerequisite for successful ACL reconstruction. Histological studies showed that the human ACL remnants contain a cellular capacity for healing potential. The goal of this technical note is to describe an ACL reconstruction technique, using ACL remnants as a biological sleeve for the graft. In case of complete ACL rupture with a large remnant, the tibial tunnel was performed inside and through the ACL tibial stump by careful sequential drilling. Femoral tunnel placement was performed by an outside-in technique. The hamstring graft was kept attached to the tibia and routed through the ACL remnant to the femur. The aim of this technique is the preservation of the biological and mechanical properties of the ACL remnant. In order to preserve large remnants resulting in greater graft coverage, the best period to perform this reconstruction is during the first weeks after the injury.
Anterior Cruciate Ligament Reconstruction, ACL Remnants, Hamstring Graft, Graft Healing, Anterior Cruciate Ligament, Follow-Up, Histological-Evaluation, Tendon Autograft, Patellar Tendon, Graft, Augmentation, Revascularization, Mechanoreceptors, Injury
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