Effects of a single mannitol bolus on cerebral hemodynamics in intracerebral hemorrhage: a transcranial Doppler study

Détails

ID Serval
serval:BIB_C6AFA9A0A74C
Type
Article: article d'un périodique ou d'un magazine.
Collection
Publications
Titre
Effects of a single mannitol bolus on cerebral hemodynamics in intracerebral hemorrhage: a transcranial Doppler study
Périodique
Cerebrovasc Dis
Auteur(s)
Vicenzini E., Ricciardi M. C., Zuco C., Sirimarco G., Di Piero V., Lenzi G. L.
ISSN
1421-9786 (Electronic)
ISSN-L
1015-9770
Statut éditorial
Publié
Date de publication
2011
Peer-reviewed
Oui
Volume
32
Numéro
5
Pages
447-53
Langue
anglais
Notes
Vicenzini, E
Ricciardi, M C
Zuco, C
Sirimarco, G
Di Piero, V
Lenzi, G L
eng
Clinical Trial
Switzerland
Cerebrovasc Dis. 2011;32(5):447-53. doi: 10.1159/000330639. Epub 2011 Oct 14.
Résumé
BACKGROUND: Mannitol infusion is widely used in clinical practice to reduce perilesional edema in intracerebral hemorrhage (ICH), though no controlled studies have yet provided evidence of its effects on clinical outcome or on cerebral blood flow impairment following the event. The aim of our study was to evaluate blood flow velocity changes in the middle cerebral arteries (MCA) after a mannitol bolus in patients with ICH. METHODS: Transcranial Doppler bilateral monitoring was performed for 90 min in 20 patients with ICH, during 100 ml mannitol bolus i.v. administration. The MCA mean flow velocities (MFVs) and pulsatility index (PI) were recorded. RESULTS: When the 'healthy' and the 'affected' hemispheres were compared, we observed higher MCA MFV and lower PI on the affected side than on the contralateral side, both at baseline and during the experiment. After the mannitol bolus, we observed a significant MFV increase, starting at the end of the infusion and lasting longer than 60 min in the MCA on the affected side alone. The PI increased after mannitol administration on the healthy side alone. CONCLUSIONS: A single bolus of mannitol modified cerebral hemodynamics in our patients with ICH, increasing flow velocities on the affected MCA. This effect may be a consequence of reduced edema in the perilesional areas. The increased PI on the unaffected side may be indicative of preserved pulsatility in the healthy hemisphere.
Mots-clé
Aged, Aged, 80 and over, Blood Flow Velocity/drug effects/physiology, Cerebral Hemorrhage/*diagnostic imaging/*physiopathology, Cerebrovascular Circulation/*drug effects/physiology, Diuretics, Osmotic/administration & dosage/*pharmacology, Dose-Response Relationship, Drug, Female, Hematoma/diagnostic imaging, Hemodynamics/*drug effects/physiology, Humans, Infusions, Intravenous, Male, Mannitol/administration & dosage/*pharmacology, Middle Aged, Middle Cerebral Artery/diagnostic imaging/drug effects/physiopathology, Regional Blood Flow/drug effects/physiology, Tomography, X-Ray Computed, Treatment Outcome, *Ultrasonography, Doppler, Transcranial
Pubmed
Création de la notice
28/02/2018 15:47
Dernière modification de la notice
23/08/2018 6:26
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