Article: article from journal or magazin.
Processing of normal, inverted, and scrambled faces in a patient with prosopagnosia: behavioural and eye tracking data.
Brain Research. Cognitive Brain Research
Publication types: Case Reports ; Comparative Study ; Journal Article ; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov'tPublication Status: ppublish. PDF type: Research report
In this study, we addressed the issue of a spared processing of faces in a patient (SB) with severe prosopagnosia. We designed an experiment comprising of two parts. In Part I, normal upright faces were entwined with scrambled faces, while in Part II normal upright faces were mixed with inverted faces, under unlimited time exposure. Performance, decision times, and eye movements were measured in both parts. The results indicated that SB categorised the normal faces better in the context of inverted faces than in the context of scrambled faces. Furthermore, SB's performance was better for the inverted faces than for the scrambled faces. Overall, SB performed better on the abnormal faces than on the normal faces, as did the control participants. Eye-tracking data showed that the pattern observed for the number of fixations and for exploration order was similar in SB and in controls. In the discussion, we propose that, despite his severe prosopagnosia, SB might have retained some kind of processing specific to face perception. Further investigations will be required, using limited time exposure, to determine the nature of this spared processing.
Adolescent, Adult, Analysis of Variance, Confidence Intervals, Eye Movements/physiology, Face, Humans, Male, Photic Stimulation/methods, Prosopagnosia/physiopathology, Psychomotor Performance/physiology, Reaction Time/physiology
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