Article: article from journal or magazin.
A cost-effective algorithm for hereditary nonpolyposis colorectal cancer detection.
American Journal of Clinical Pathology
Colorectal cancer with microsatellite instability (MSI) may occur sporadically or be inherited in cases of hereditary nonpolyposis colorectal cancer (HNPCC) syndrome. However, there is no consensus as to which patients must be tested and how to test MSI. In this study, MSI was tested by immunohistochemical analysis and by polymerase chain reaction in 148 cases of colorectal cancer, and methylation of the hMLH1 promoter was examined. MSI status was correlated with tumor phenotype. We found that localization, tumor infiltrating lymphocytes, and mucinous differentiation were predictive of high-frequency MSI (MSI-H) colorectal cancer and might be used to select cases for MSI analysis. Immunohistochemical analysis detected most MSI-H colorectal cancer and might constitute the first step in MSI detection. Absence of hMLH1 promoter methylation in MSI-H colorectal cancer could be predictive of hereditary colorectal cancer, and, hence, methylation analysis might constitute the second step in the identification of patients with HNPCC.
Adaptor Proteins, Signal Transducing, Aged, Algorithms, Carrier Proteins, Cohort Studies, Colorectal Neoplasms, Hereditary Nonpolyposis, Cost-Benefit Analysis, DNA Mutational Analysis, Female, Humans, Immunohistochemistry, Male, Microsatellite Repeats, Middle Aged, Molecular Diagnostic Techniques, Nuclear Proteins, Polymerase Chain Reaction
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