Article: article from journal or magazin.
Hepatic lipase-mediated hydrolysis versus liver uptake of HDL phospholipids and triacylglycerols by the perfused rat liver
Biochimica et Biophysica Acta (BBA) - Lipids and Lipid Metabolism
Publication types: Journal Article
Publication Status: ppublish
Publication Status: ppublish
Hepatic triacylglycerol-lipase-mediated hydrolysis and liver uptake of high-density lipoprotein (HDL) lipid components were studied in a recirculating rat liver perfusion, a situation where the enzyme is physiologically expressed and active at the vascular bed. Human native HDL were labelled with tri-[3H]oleoylglycerol, [N-methyl-3H]dipalmitoylphosphatidylcholine (DPPC), 1-palmitoyl,2-[14C]linoleoylphosphatidylcholine (PLPC), 1-palmitoyl,2-[14C]linoleoylphosphatidyl-ethanolamine (PLPE) and 1-palmitoyl,2-[14C]palmitoylphosphatidylethanolamine (DPPE). (1) Relative degradation rates of phosphatidylethanolamine molecular species were 2- to 10-fold higher than those of phosphatidylcholine. Considering [14C] PLPC and [14C] PLPE as representative of HDL phosphatidylcholine and phosphatidylethanolamine, respectively, the amounts of lysophosphatidylcholine and lysophosphatidylethanolamine generated after a 60 min perfusion were comparable. The enzyme showed a clear preference for the molecular species bearing an unsaturated fatty acid at the 2 position of glycerol; this was the most pronounced in the case of phosphatidylethanolamine molecular species. (2) Relative liver uptake of HDL-phosphatidylethanolamine was 4- to 5-fold higher than that of HDL-phosphatidylcholine, irrespective of the constitutive fatty acids. Nevertheless, mass estimation indicated that 3 times more molecules of phosphatidylcholine than of phosphatidylethanolamine were transferred. No correlation could be found between the relative degradation rates of phospholipids and their relative liver uptake, indicating a dissociation between the two processes. (3) Perfusate decay and relative liver uptake of labelled HDL-triacylglycerol were higher than that of any phospholipid class. No circulating radiolabelled free fatty acids accumulated in the perfusate, but they were found acylated into liver cell phospholipids and triacylglycerols. (4) A prior 10-12-min washout of the liver vascular bed with heparin removed over 80% of the hepatic lipase activity, as assessed by specific immunoinhibition. Hepatic lipase-depleted liver displayed impaired phospholipid hydrolysis and triacyglycerol uptake, whereas the transfer of HDL phospholipids to liver tissue was unaffected.
Cholesterol, HDL/metabolism, Lipase/blood, Liver/enzymology, Liver/metabolism, Phosphatidylcholines/metabolism, Phosphatidylethanolamines/metabolism, Phospholipids/metabolism, Triglycerides/metabolism, Biophysics, Biochemistry, Endocrinology
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