Inproceedings: An article in a conference proceedings.
Abstract (Abstract): shot summary in a article that contain essentials elements presented during a scientific conference, lecture or from a poster.
Calcium Microdomains Control Exo-Endocytosis of Synaptic-Like Microvesicles in Astrocytes
Title of the conference
9th European Meeting on Glial Cells in Health and Disease
Paris, France, September 08-12, 2009
Publication type : Meeting Abstract
During the last decade, the discovery that astrocytes possess a nonelectrical form of excitability (Ca21-excitability) that leads to the release of chemical transmitters, an activity called ''gliotransmission'', indicates that these cells may have additional important roles in brain function. Elucidating the stimulus-secretion coupling leading to the exocytic release of chemical transmitters (such as glutamate, Bezzi et al., Nature Neurosci, 2004) may therefore clarify i) whether astrocytes represent in full a new class of secretory cells in the brain and ii) whether they can participate to the fast brain signaling in the brain. Here by using a recently developed approach for studying vesicle recycling dynamics at synapses (Voglmaier et al., Neuron, 2006; Balaji and Ryan, PNAS, 2007) combined with epifluorescence and total internal reflection fluorescence (TIRF) imaging, we investigated the spatiotemporal characteristics of stimulus-secretion coupling leading glutamate exocytosis of synaptic-like microvesicles (SLMVs) in astrocytes. We performed the analysis at both the whole-cell and single-vesicle levels providing the first system for comparing exo-endocytic processes in astrocytes with those in neurons. Both the time course and modalities of secretion in astrocytes present more similarities to neurons then previously expected. We found that 1. the G-protein-coupled receptor (GPCR)-evoked exocytosis reached the maximum on a ms time scale and that 2. ER tubuli formed sub-micrometer domains beneath the plasma membrane in close proximity to exocytic vesicles, where fusion events were spatiotemporally correlated with fast Ca21 events.
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