Respiratory health of artisanal miner of Lwisha in Katanga/DR Congo

Détails

Ressource 1Télécharger: 2016_Ngombe_Respiratory_OpenAccessLibJ_e3233.pdf (248.25 [Ko])
Etat: Serval
Version: Final published version
ID Serval
serval:BIB_C4EEC7D10C59
Type
Article: article d'un périodique ou d'un magazine.
Collection
Publications
Titre
Respiratory health of artisanal miner of Lwisha in Katanga/DR Congo
Périodique
Open Access Library Journal
Auteur(s)
Kabamba Ngombe Léon , Ngatu Nlandu Roger , Nyembo Mukena Christophe , Kabyla Ilunga Benjamin , Wembonyama Okitotsho Stanislas , Kakoma Sakatolo Jean-Baptiste , Danuser Brigitta, Luboya Numbi Oscar
ISSN
2333-9721 (online)
2333-9705 (print)
Statut éditorial
Publié
Date de publication
2016
Peer-reviewed
Oui
Volume
3
Numéro
e3233
Pages
[1-10]
Langue
anglais
Résumé
Objective: To determine the prevalence of respiratory symptoms and make an awareness about the harmful effects of ores dust in the Artisanal miner in the city of Lubumbashi, Katanga province, in the Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC). Method: In total, 104 artisanal miners have been recruited in an exhaustive manner with 122 administrative officers in the town hall of Lubumbashi, responsible for collecting the taxes in the Stations of the bus as the control group. Respiratory symptoms were collected using a standardized questionnaire. To determine the association between the characteristics of the miners and respiratory symptoms reported, a multi-analysis combined with the test of logistic regression has been privileged. Results: The prevalence of the respiratory symptoms was markedly higher in the artisanal diggers, as compared with the group that controls: wheezing (37.5% vs. 7.4%), shortness breathing after effort (26.9% vs. 3.3%), cough (29.8% vs. 12.3%), asthma (24% vs. 1.6%), rhinitis (20.2% vs. 14.8%), conjunctivitis (16.3% vs. 9.8%), and eczema (34.6% vs. 2.5%). After adjusting for age and education level, digger as occupation was strongly associated with a higher risk of developing respiratory and skin problems (p < 0.05). Conclusion: The study revealed that artisanal miner’s professions, as practiced
in Lubumbashi, without any protection against dust, have a negative impact on the respiratory health. It proves to be very important to organize a teaching specialized in Occupational Medicine that can train some physicians with an established
expertise having to answer if it is needed to be enormous in qualified staff in this area considered at respiratory risk.
Mots-clé
Respiration Disorders, Dust, Mining, Occupational Exposure, Occupational Diseases
Open Access
Oui
Création de la notice
07/02/2017 11:17
Dernière modification de la notice
09/05/2019 18:33
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