Article: article from journal or magazin.
Phosphorylation of phospholemman (FXYD1) by protein kinases A and C modulates distinct Na,K-ATPase isozymes.
Journal of Biological Chemistry
Publication types: Journal Article
Phospholemman (FXYD1), mainly expressed in heart and skeletal muscle, is a member of the FXYD protein family, which has been shown to decrease the apparent K(+) and Na(+) affinity of Na,K-ATPase ( Crambert, G., Fuzesi, M., Garty, H., Karlish, S., and Geering, K. (2002) Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U. S. A. 99, 11476-11481 ). In this study, we use the Xenopus oocyte expression system to study the role of phospholemman phosphorylation by protein kinases A and C in the modulation of different Na,K-ATPase isozymes present in the heart. Phosphorylation of phospholemman by protein kinase A has no effect on the maximal transport activity or on the apparent K(+) affinity of Na,K-ATPase alpha1/beta1 and alpha2/beta1 isozymes but increases their apparent Na(+) affinity, dependent on phospholemman phosphorylation at Ser(68). Phosphorylation of phospholemman by protein kinase C affects neither the maximal transport activity of alpha1/beta1 isozymes nor the K(+) affinity of alpha1/beta1 and alpha2/beta1 isozymes. However, protein kinase C phosphorylation of phospholemman increases the maximal Na,K-pump current of alpha2/beta1 isozymes by an increase in their turnover number. Thus, our results indicate that protein kinase A phosphorylation of phospholemman has similar functional effects on Na,K-ATPase alpha1/beta and alpha2/beta isozymes and increases their apparent Na(+) affinity, whereas protein kinase C phosphorylation of phospholemman modulates the transport activity of Na,K-ATPase alpha2/beta but not of alpha1/beta isozymes. The complex and distinct regulation of Na,K-ATPase isozymes by phosphorylation of phospholemman may be important for the efficient control of heart contractility and excitability.
Animals, Binding, Competitive, Cyclic AMP-Dependent Protein Kinases/metabolism, Dogs, Female, Isoenzymes/metabolism, Membrane Proteins/genetics, Membrane Proteins/metabolism, Mutation, Oocytes/metabolism, Ouabain/metabolism, Phosphoproteins/genetics, Phosphoproteins/metabolism, Phosphorylation, Potassium/metabolism, Protein Kinase C/metabolism, Sodium/metabolism, Sodium-Potassium-Exchanging ATPase/metabolism, Xenopus
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