Article: article from journal or magazin.
Calcium entry blockade attenuates the acute blood pressure rise induced by cigarette smoking.
Journal of cardiovascular pharmacology
12 Suppl 6
Publication types: Clinical Trial ; Journal Article ; Randomized Controlled Trial ; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't - Publication Status: ppublish
The purpose of this study was to assess whether the administration of a calcium entry blocker can prevent the acute blood pressure rise induced by cigarette smoking. Seven male habitual smokers were included. After 45 min of equilibration, they took in randomized single-blind fashion at a 1 week interval either a placebo or nifedipine, 10 mg p.o. Thirty minutes thereafter, the subjects smoked within 10 min two cigarettes containing 1.4 mg of nicotine each. In addition to heart rate and skin blood flow (laser Doppler method), blood pressure of the median left finger was monitored continuously for 100 min using a noninvasive device (Finapres). Nifedipine induced an increase in skin blood flow that was not influenced by smoking. This skin blood flow response was observed although nifedipine had by itself no effect on systemic blood pressure. The calcium antagonist markedly attenuated the blood pressure rise induced by cigarette smoking. However, it tended to accentuate the heart rate acceleration resulting from inhalation of nicotine-containing smoke.
Adult, Blood Pressure, Calcium Channel Blockers, Heart Rate, Humans, Male, Nifedipine, Norepinephrine, Smoking, Time Factors
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