Neurologist-patient communication about epilepsy in the United States, Spain, and Germany.

Détails

ID Serval
serval:BIB_C35F85B9D4EE
Type
Article: article d'un périodique ou d'un magazine.
Collection
Publications
Titre
Neurologist-patient communication about epilepsy in the United States, Spain, and Germany.
Périodique
Neurology. Clinical practice
Auteur(s)
Stern J.M., Cendes F., Gilliam F., Kwan P., Ryvlin P., Sirven J., Smith B., Adomas A., Walter L.
ISSN
2163-0402 (Print)
ISSN-L
2163-0402
Statut éditorial
Publié
Date de publication
04/2018
Peer-reviewed
Oui
Volume
8
Numéro
2
Pages
93-101
Langue
anglais
Notes
Publication types: Journal Article
Publication Status: ppublish
Résumé
Effective communication between patients and their health care providers is recognized as critically important to improve the quality of health services for individuals with epilepsy. We aimed to describe in-office neurologist-patient conversations about epilepsy and focus on disease identification, shared decision-making, and care planning.
Transcripts and audio recordings of conversations between patients and neurologists in the United States, Spain, and Germany were analyzed linguistically in the topic areas of epilepsy identification and diagnosis, disease education, treatments, and care planning. Analyses included word-level assessments, topic switching, strategies of information elicitation, identification of topics discussed, quantification of questions asked, and assessment of types of questions asked.
Conversations of 17 neurologists in the United States, 12 in Spain, and 6 in Germany, with 50, 20, and 16 patients, respectively, were analyzed. Neurologists tended to utilize an event-based, patient-friendly vocabulary to refer to seizures, and in the United States, they avoided using the term "epilepsy." Regardless of who initiated the treatment discussion, the neurologists in all 3 countries were unilaterally responsible for the treatment decision and choice of medication. When describing a new medication, neurologists most often discussed potential side effects but did not review potential benefits. Neurologists rarely defined seizure control and did not ask patients what seizure control meant to them.
We identified opportunities related to vocabulary, decision-making, and treatment goal setting that could be targeted to improve neurologist-patient communication about epilepsy, and ultimately, the overall treatment experience and outcomes for patients.

Pubmed
Création de la notice
03/05/2018 18:21
Dernière modification de la notice
25/05/2018 6:26
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