Choosy moral punishers.

Détails

Ressource 1Télécharger: BIB_C323654FE8E1.P001.pdf (522.49 [Ko])
Etat: Public
Version: Final published version
ID Serval
serval:BIB_C323654FE8E1
Type
Article: article d'un périodique ou d'un magazine.
Collection
Publications
Titre
Choosy moral punishers.
Périodique
PLoS One
Auteur(s)
Clavien C., Tanner C.J., Clément F., Chapuisat M.
ISSN
1932-6203 (Electronic)
ISSN-L
1932-6203
Statut éditorial
Publié
Date de publication
2012
Peer-reviewed
Oui
Volume
7
Numéro
6
Pages
e39002
Langue
anglais
Résumé
The punishment of social misconduct is a powerful mechanism for stabilizing high levels of cooperation among unrelated individuals. It is regularly assumed that humans have a universal disposition to punish social norm violators, which is sometimes labelled "universal structure of human morality" or "pure aversion to social betrayal". Here we present evidence that, contrary to this hypothesis, the propensity to punish a moral norm violator varies among participants with different career trajectories. In anonymous real-life conditions, future teachers punished a talented but immoral young violinist: they voted against her in an important music competition when they had been informed of her previous blatant misconduct toward fellow violin students. In contrast, future police officers and high school students did not punish. This variation among socio-professional categories indicates that the punishment of norm violators is not entirely explained by an aversion to social betrayal. We suggest that context specificity plays an important role in normative behaviour; people seem inclined to enforce social norms only in situations that are familiar, relevant for their social category, and possibly strategically advantageous.
Pubmed
Web of science
Open Access
Oui
Création de la notice
23/05/2012 14:10
Dernière modification de la notice
20/08/2019 15:38
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