Diametric effects of autism tendencies and psychosis proneness on attention control irrespective of task demands

Détails

Ressource 1Télécharger: Abu-Akel et al Sci Rep +SI 2018.pdf (3663.28 [Ko])
Etat: Public
Version: de l'auteur
Licence: CC BY 4.0
ID Serval
serval:BIB_C2A86AB408EB
Type
Article: article d'un périodique ou d'un magazine.
Sous-type
Compte-rendu: analyse d'une oeuvre publiée.
Collection
Publications
Titre
Diametric effects of autism tendencies and psychosis proneness on attention control irrespective of task demands
Périodique
Scientific Reports
Auteur(s)
Abu-Akel Ahmad, Apperly Ian, Spaniol Mayra Muller, Geng Joy J., Mevorach Carmel
ISSN
2045-2322
Statut éditorial
Publié
Date de publication
31/05/2018
Peer-reviewed
Oui
Volume
8
Numéro
1
Pages
8478
Langue
anglais
Résumé
Our capacity to attend a target while ignoring irrelevant distraction impacts our ability to successfully interact with our environment. Previous reports have sometimes identified excessive distractor interference in both autism and schizophrenia spectrum disorders and in neurotypical individuals with high subclinical expressions of these conditions. Independent of task, we show that the direction of the effect of autism or psychosis traits on the suppression or rejection of a non-target item is diametrical. In Study 1, in which the presence of a salient non-target item hindered performance, higher autism traits were associated with better performance, while higher psychosis traits were associated with worse performance. In Study 2, in which the presence of a salient non-target item facilitated performance, a complete reversal of effects was observed. Future clinical interventions may be informed by the context-specific advantages we observed for the autism and psychosis spectra, and by the need to consider the diametric effects they yield.
Open Access
Oui
Création de la notice
01/06/2018 15:14
Dernière modification de la notice
21/08/2019 6:10
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