Inproceedings: an article in a conference proceedings.
Abstract (Abstract): shot summary in a article that contain essentials elements presented during a scientific conference, lecture or from a poster.
High b-value Diffusion-weighted Imaging: A Sensitive Method to Reveal White Matter Changes in Schizophrenia
Title of the conference
66th Annual Meeting of the Society of Biological Psychiatry
San Francisco, California, May 12-14, 2011
Publication type : Meeting Abstract
Background: b-value is the parameter characterizing the intensity of the diffusion weighting during image acquisition. Data acquisition is usually performed with low b value (b~1000 s/mm2). Evidence shows that high b-values (b>2000 s/mm2) are more sensitive to the slow diffusion compartment (SDC) and maybe more sensitive in detecting white matter (WM) anomalies in schizophrenia.Methods: 12 male patients with schizophrenia (mean age 35 +/-3 years) and 16 healthy male controls matched for age were scanned with a low b-value (1000 s/mm2) and a high b-value (4000 s/mm2) protocol. Apparent diffusion coefficient (ADC) is a measure of the average diffusion distance of water molecules per time unit (mm2/s). ADC maps were generated for all individuals. 8 region of interests (frontal and parietal region bilaterally, centrum semi-ovale bilaterally and anterior and posterior corpus callosum) were manually traced blind to diagnosis.Results: ADC measures acquired with high b-value imaging were more sensitive in detecting differences between schizophrenia patients and healthy controls than low b-value imaging with a gain in significance by a factor of 20- 100 times despite the lower image Signal-to-noise ratio (SNR). Increased ADC was identified in patient's WM (p=0.00015) with major contributions from left and right centrum semi-ovale and to a lesser extent right parietal region.Conclusions: Our results may be related to the sensitivity of high b-value imaging to the SDC believed to reflect mainly the intra-axonal and myelin bound water pool. High b-value imaging might be more sensitive and specific to WM anomalies in schizophrenia than low b-value imaging
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