Article: article from journal or magazin.
General unknown screening procedure for the characterization of human drug metabolites: application to loratadine phase I metabolism.
Journal of separation science
Publication types: Journal Article ; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't - Publication Status: ppublish
This article describes the application of a recently developed general unknown screening (GUS) strategy based on LC coupled to a hybrid linear IT-triple quadrupole mass spectrometer (LC-MS/MS-LIT) for the simultaneous detection and identification of drug metabolites following in vitro incubation with human liver microsomes. The histamine H1 receptor antagonist loratadine was chosen as a model compound to demonstrate the interest of such approach, because of its previously described complex and extensive metabolism. Detection and mass spectral characterization were based on data-dependent acquisition, switching between a survey scan acquired in the ion-trapping Q3 scan mode with dynamic subtraction of background noise, and a dependent scan in the ion-trapping product ion scan mode of automatically selected parent ions. In addition, the MS(3) mode was used in a second step to confirm the structure of a few fragment ions. The sensitivity of the ion-trapping modes combined with the selectivity of the triple quadrupole modes allowed, with only one injection, the detection and identification of 17 phase I metabolites of loratadine. The GUS procedure used in this study may be applicable as a generic technique for the characterization of drug metabolites after in vitro incubation, as well as probably in vivo experiments.
Web of science
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