Article: article from journal or magazin.
Cannabis Users Identifying Themselves as Non-Cigarette Smokers : Who Are They?
Journal of Child & Adolescent Substance Abuse
Publié on-line (06.2015)
Introduction and Aims. About 20% of cannabis consumers report not smoking cigarettes. Studies that have compared cannabis and cigarette smokers, cigarette smokers, and cannabis users who do not smoke cigarettes (CNSs) have shown that CNSs have better outcomes across a range of indicators compared to the others. Therefore, we conducted a qualitative study to determine why CNSs did not smoke cigarettes and how they managed to resist cigarette smoking in order to better inform prevention efforts. Design and Methods. We conducted five focus groups (FG) with a total of 19 CNSs between ages 16 and 25. A narrative analysis of FGs was conducted using qualitative analysis software. Results. CNSs' non-smoking choice was rooted in a negative opinion of cigarettes and a harm-reduction strategy. They were unique cases within their peer groups, but there were no CNSs groups. All participants were confronted to the mulling paradox. Discussion and Conclusions. While tobacco-use prevention seems to have been successful, CNSs need to be informed of harmful consequences of chronic cannabis use. Given their habit of adding tobacco to cannabis, CNSs need to be alerted that they may be nicotine dependent even though they do not smoke tobacco on its own. This exploratory study brings essential insight concerning this specific population of cannabis consumers which future research should continue to develop.
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