Article: article from journal or magazin.
Case report (case report): feedback on an observation with a short commentary.
Early blood exchange transfusion in malignant pertussis: A case report.
Pediatric Critical Care Medicine
Publication types: Journal ArticlePublication Status: ppublish
OBJECTIVE:: To report early blood exchange transfusion in malignant pertussis and a favorable clinical outcome. SETTING:: A pediatric intensive care unit in a tertiary hospital in Geneva, Switzerland. DESIGN:: A descriptive case report. PATIENT:: An 8-wk-old girl was diagnosed with malignant pertussis (extreme leukocytosis, seizures, pneumonia, and secondary severe hypoxic respiratory failure associated with pulmonary hypertension). After administration of a one-volume blood exchange transfusion, a rapid decrease in white blood cell count (from 119,000/mm to 36,500/mm) was observed and followed by clinical improvement and favorable outcome despite the initial presence of all described risk factors associated with a high mortality. CONCLUSION:: The use of exchange blood transfusion early in the course of the disease might help to prevent a fatal outcome of malignant pertussis.
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