Inproceedings: an article in a conference proceedings.
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Non-small cell lung cancer: the prevalence of oncogenic driver mutations in Switzerland
Title of the conference
81. Jahrestagung der Schweizerischen Gesellschaft für Pathologie
Basel, Switzerland, 12.-14. November 2015
Background. Predictive molecular marker analyses are standard of care in order to select non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) patients for targeted therapies. The aim of this study was to determine the prevalence of targetable oncogenic driver mutations including EGFR, KRAS, BRAF, HER2, ALK and ROS1 in Switzerland. Methods. Eight Swiss pathology institutions provided retrospective and anonymized data on their predictive molecular marker results performed on NSCLC from January 2012 to December 2014. Clinico-pathological data were recorded including age, gender, histological NSCLC-subtype and specimen type (biopsy, conventional cytology and cell block, respectively) used for molecular analyses. The prevalence of oncogenic mutations were calculated and compared between the centres. Results. A total of 4187 NSCLC were included into the study. The median age was 67 years and 55% were male patients. The tumor specimens for molecular analysis were mostly derived from biopsies (69%), 26% were from conventional cytology specimens and only in 5% from cell blocks. The most prevalent gene mutation was KRAS with 30.6% (range: 27.3-33.9%), followed by EGFR, BRAF and HER2 mutations in 12.2% (range: 10.2-13.1%), 3.9% (range: 2.5-5.6%) and 1.1% (range: 0.9-4.0%), respectively, without significant differences between the eight centers. Concomitant EGFR and KRAS mutations were detected in only 3/2027 NSCLC. In contrast the prevalence of ALK (mean 6.5%, range: 2.8-11.7%) and ROS1 (mean 2.4%, range: 1.5-6.2%) rearrangements varied significantly between centers. Conclusions. The Prevalence of EGFR, KRAS, BRAF and HER2 mutations are well in line with data from other West European populations. Concomitant EGFR, KRAS, BRAF or HER2 mutations are exceptional. ALK FISH results vary significantly between the eight centres. Concomitant ALK FISH positive results in NSCLC harbouring other oncogenic driver mutation have only been observed in two smaller centres, highlighting the difficulty in ALK-FISH interpretation.
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