Article: article from journal or magazin.
Can dopamine prevent the renal side effects of indomethacin? A prospective randomized clinical study.
Publication types: Clinical Trial ; Journal Article ; Randomized Controlled Trial - Publication Status: ppublish
BACKGROUND: Indomethacin therapy for closure of a patent ductus arteriosus in preterm neonates is responsible for transient renal insufficiency. Dopamine theoretically reduces the renal side effects of indomethacin therapy. PATIENTS: 33 neonates with a mean gestational age of 28.5 weeks who received indomethacin for treatment of a symptomatic PDA were included in a prospective randomized controlled clinical study. METHOD: 15 patients were treated with indomethacin alone (control group), 18 patients with indomethacin and dopamine (study group). Indomethacin was given in a dose of 0.2 mg/kg/dose intravenously, all patients received three doses with intervall of 12 hours. The dose of dopamine was in all patients 4 micrograms/kg per minute commencing 2 hours prior to the first dose of indomethacin and continuing for 12 hours after the third dose. RESULTS: Indomethacin induced a significant increase in serum creatinin (76.3 mumol/l vs 99.7 mumol/l for the control group, and 70.7 mumol/l vs 93.0 mumol/l for the study group), and weight (1259 g vs 1316 g for the control group, and 1187 g vs 1221 g for the study group). The increase systolic blood pressure (61 mmHg vs 65.7 mmHg) in the study group was significant (p < 0.05) but remained unchanged in the control group. The changes between the study group and the control group were not significant either in serum creatinin, fractional excretion of sodium, or weight gain. The failure rate of ductal closure was not different between the two groups. CONCLUSION: The additional use of dopamine does not reduce the renal side effects of indomethacin.
Cardiotonic Agents, Cardiovascular Agents, Creatinine, Dopamine, Dose-Response Relationship, Drug, Ductus Arteriosus, Patent, Female, Humans, Indomethacin, Infant, Newborn, Kidney Failure, Male, Natriuresis, Prospective Studies, Statistics, Nonparametric, Treatment Outcome, Weight Gain
Web of science
Last modification date