Article: article from journal or magazin.
Protein kinases expressed in aggregating brain cell cultures during myelination.
Schweizer Archiv für Neurologie und Psychiatrie
Serum-free aggregating rat brain cell cultures provide sufficient cell surface and paracrine interactions between neurons and glial cells for compact myelination. We are interested in the part played in these signalling pathways by protein kinases and have used a PCR cDNA cloning approach to catalogue the protein kinase genes expressed by these cultures. 8 transmembrane protein kinases were identified: IGF1-R, trk B, bFGF-R, c-met, Tyro2, Tyro1, Tyro4 and a novel eck-related gene. The first 4 are receptors for ligands with known trophic functions. Tyro2 is a novel gene related to the EGF-R. The latter 3 belong to the eck gene family of more than 8 highly related putative receptors for, as yet, unknown ligands. 8 cDNAs for intracellular protein kinases were also isolated including 3 novel genes. Ongoing studies are investigating whether these proteins contribute to myelination and/or could be used as therapeutic targets in demyelinating diseases.
Animals, Brain/cytology, Cell Aggregation/genetics, Cell Differentiation/genetics, Culture Techniques, DNA/genetics, Gene Expression Regulation/physiology, Myelin Proteins/genetics, Polymerase Chain Reaction, Protein Kinases/genetics, Rats
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