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Periodic Fever with Aphthous Stomatitis, Pharyngitis, and Cervical Adenitis Syndrome Is Associated with a CARD8 Variant Unable To Bind the NLRP3 Inflammasome.
Journal of Immunology
Periodic fever with aphthous stomatitis, pharyngitis, and cervical adenitis (PFAPA) is a relatively common autoinflammatory condition that primarily affects children. Although tendencies were reported for this syndrome, genetic variations influencing risk and disease progression are poorly understood. In this study, we performed next-generation sequencing for 82 unrelated PFAPA patients and identified a frameshift variant in the CARD8 gene (CARD8-FS). Subsequently, we compared the frequency of CARD8-FS carriers in our PFAPA cohort (13.9%) with a healthy local population group (3.2%) and found a significant association between the CARD8-FS polymorphism and risk for PFAPA syndrome (p = 0.012; odds ratio: 4.96 [95% confidence interval, 1.33-18.47]). Moreover, CARD8-FS carriers display a distinct PFAPA phenotype that is characterized by a higher prevalence of symptoms out of flares and oral aphthosis (both p = 0.02 compared with PFAPA patients without the frameshift variant). CARD8 encodes a protein component of the NLRP3 inflammasome, which plays an important role in inflammation and contributes to the pathology of various autoinflammatory diseases. We found that the CARD8-FS variant led to a truncated CARD8 protein lacking the FIIND and CARD domains. As a result, the mutant CARD8 protein lost the ability to interact with the NOD domain of NLRP3. In summary, these results identify a new CARD8 variant associated with PFAPA and further suggest that disruption of the interaction between CARD8 and NLRP3 can regulate autoinflammation in patients.
Web of science
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