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Accuracy of diffusion-weighted echo-planar MR imaging and ADC mapping in the evaluation of residual cervical carcinoma after radiation therapy
1095-6859 (Electronic)0090-8258 (Linking)
Levy, AntoninCaramella, CarolineChargari, CyrusMedjhoul, AichaRey, AnnieZareski, EliseBoulet, BereniceBidault, FrancoisDromain, ClarisseBalleyguier, Corinneeng2011/07/19 06:00Gynecol Oncol. 2011 Oct;123(1):110-5. doi: 10.1016/j.ygyno.2011.06.009. Epub 2011 Jul 20.
OBJECTIVES: The impact of diffusion-weighted imaging (DWI) and apparent diffusion coefficients (ADCs) of MR imaging on the evaluation of residual Uterine Cervical Carcinoma after Radiation Therapy, in addition to conventional MR images. METHODS: Fourty-nine women presenting with a uterine cervical cancer were examined with 1.5 T MRI and DWI, 8 (4-20) weeks after treatment. Treatment response was determined based on the histopathological results after therapy and was classified as a complete response (CR) or residual disease (RD). Post-treatment DWI and ADC results were compared. RESULTS: Five (11%) and 44 (89%) patients were considered as having histologically-proven RD or a CR respectively. The mean ADC of cervical tissue for all patients was 1.74+/-0.324x10(-3) mm(2)/s and the SD was 1.94+/-1.11x10(-4). The mean ADC was 1.62+/-0.21x10(-3) mm(2)/s (SD=1.45x10(-4)) for the 5 patients with RD versus 1.76+/-0.33x10(-3) mm(2)/s (SD=1.99x10(-4)) for the 44 patients with a CR (p=0.09). Using 1.7x10(-3) mm(2)/s as a radiological cut-off value for the ADC, all patients classified as having histologically-proven RD had a mean ADC of </=1.7x10(-3). In 12 (25%) cases, RD was suspected on T2-weighted MRI images alone. Eight of these cases were considered as false positives compared to the histological results. Their mean ADC was 1.98x10(-3) mm(2)/s and none of them had an ADC of <1.7x10(-3) mm(2)/s. CONCLUSION: Although our results were not statistically significant, ADC values could potentially be used to predict and monitor the response of uterine cervical cancer.
Adult, Aged, Diffusion Magnetic Resonance Imaging/*methods, Echo-Planar Imaging/*methods, Female, Humans, Middle Aged, Neoplasm Staging, Retrospective Studies, Treatment Outcome, Uterine Cervical Neoplasms/*pathology/*radiotherapy
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