Inproceedings: an article in a conference proceedings.
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Use of the dried blood spot sampling process coupled with fast gas chromatography and negative-ion chemical ionization tandem mass spectrometry: application to fluoxetine, norfluoxetine, reboxetine, and paroxetine analysis.
Title of the conference
47th Annual Meeting of the International-Association-of-Forensic-Toxicologists
Genève, Suisse, 23-27 Août 2009
Analytical and bioanalytical chemistry
The objective of this work was to combine the advantages of the dried blood spot (DBS) sampling process with the highly sensitive and selective negative-ion chemical ionization tandem mass spectrometry (NICI-MS-MS) to analyze for recent antidepressants including fluoxetine, norfluoxetine, reboxetine, and paroxetine from micro whole blood samples (i.e., 10 microL). Before analysis, DBS samples were punched out, and antidepressants were simultaneously extracted and derivatized in a single step by use of pentafluoropropionic acid anhydride and 0.02% triethylamine in butyl chloride for 30 min at 60 degrees C under ultrasonication. Derivatives were then separated on a gas chromatograph coupled with a triple-quadrupole mass spectrometer operating in negative selected reaction monitoring mode for a total run time of 5 min. To establish the validity of the method, trueness, precision, and selectivity were determined on the basis of the guidelines of the "Société Française des Sciences et des Techniques Pharmaceutiques" (SFSTP). The assay was found to be linear in the concentration ranges 1 to 500 ng mL(-1) for fluoxetine and norfluoxetine and 20 to 500 ng mL(-1) for reboxetine and paroxetine. Despite the small sampling volume, the limit of detection was estimated at 20 pg mL(-1) for all the analytes. The stability of DBS was also evaluated at -20 degrees C, 4 degrees C, 25 degrees C, and 40 degrees C for up to 30 days. Furthermore, the method was successfully applied to a pharmacokinetic investigation performed on a healthy volunteer after oral administration of a single 40-mg dose of fluoxetine. Thus, this validated DBS method combines an extractive-derivative single step with a fast and sensitive GC-NICI-MS-MS technique. Using microliter blood samples, this procedure offers a patient-friendly tool in many biomedical fields such as checking treatment adherence, therapeutic drug monitoring, toxicological analyses, or pharmacokinetic studies.
Anions, Antidepressive Agents/blood, Blood Chemical Analysis/methods, Blood Specimen Collection/methods, Desiccation, Gas Chromatography-Mass Spectrometry/methods, Humans, Reproducibility of Results, Sensitivity and Specificity, Serotonin Uptake Inhibitors/blood, Spectrometry, Mass, Electrospray Ionization/methods, Street Drugs/blood, Substance Abuse Detection/methods
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