Article: article from journal or magazin.
Resistance to insulin mediated glucose disposal in obese subjects: respective effect of lipid metabolism and glycemia
International Journal of Obesity and Related Metabolic Disorders
Journal Article --- Old month value: Mar
The present study was designed to assess the respective effect of altered lipid metabolism and hyperglycemia on glucose metabolism in vivo in obese subjects. Six young obese non-diabetic volunteers were studied on four occasions during hyperinsulinemic clamp, twice during euglycemia and twice during hyperglycemia, with or without the infusion of beta-pyridylcarbinol, an inhibitor of lipid metabolism. Glucose oxidation was calculated from continuous respiratory exchange measurements, and glucose storage was obtained as the difference between total glucose disposal and glucose oxidation. Two-way analysis of variance (with interaction term) demonstrated (i) a significant increase for total glucose disposal with beta-pyridylcarbinol but no significant effect of hyperglycemia and no interaction between the two treatments, and (ii) an important increase of beta-pyridylcarbinol to enhance glucose storage but no significant effect of hyperglycemia and no interaction between the two treatments. These results show that obese people, at physiological insulinemia, enhance their glucose disposal and glucose storage when lipid oxidation is artificially lowered. This suggests that enhanced lipid oxidation is related to insulin resistance in these patients. However, hyperglycemia in these patients failed to compensate for defective glucose disposal or storage.
Adult Blood Glucose/analysis Fatty Acids, Nonesterified/blood Female Glucose/*metabolism Glucose Tolerance Test Humans Hyperglycemia/complications/*metabolism Hyperinsulinism/complications/metabolism Insulin/blood/*physiology Insulin Resistance *Lipid Metabolism Male Nicotinyl Alcohol Obesity/blood/*metabolism Oxidation-Reduction
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