Inproceedings: An article in a conference proceedings.
Abstract (Abstract): shot summary in a article that contain essentials elements presented during a scientific conference, lecture or from a poster.
Outpatient prescription writing quality in a paediatric general hospital
Title of the conference
40th International Symposium on Clinical Pharmacy (ESCP), Clinical Pharmacy: Connecting Care and Outcomes
Dublin, Ireland, October 19-21, 2011
International Journal of Clinical Pharmacy
Publication type : Meeting Abstract
Introduction The writing of prescriptions is an important aspect of medical practice. Since 2006, the Swiss authorities have decided to impose incentives to prescribe generic drugs. The objectives of this study were 1) to determine the evolution of the outpatient prescription practice in our paediatric university hospital during 2 periods separated by 5 years; 2) to assess the writing quality of outpatient prescriptions during the same period.Materials & Methods Design: Copies of prescriptions written by physicians were collected twice from community pharmacies in the region of our hospital for a 2-month period in 2005 and 2010. They were analysed according to standard criteria regarding both formal and pharmaceutical aspects. Drug prescriptions were classified as a) complete when all criteria for safety were fulfilled, b) ambiguous when there was a danger of a dispensing error because of one or more missing criteria, or c) containing an error.Setting: Paediatric university hospital.Main outcome measures: Proportion of generic drugs; outpatient prescription writing quality.Results: A total of 651 handwritten prescriptions were reviewed in 2005 and 693 in 2010. They contained 1570 drug prescriptions in 2005 (2.4 ± 1.2 drugs per patient) and 1462 in 2010 (2.1 ± 1.1). The most common drugs were paracetamol, ibuprofen, and sodium chloride. A higher proportion of drugs were prescribed as generic names or generics in 2010. Formal data regarding the physicians and the patients were almost complete, except for the patients' weight. Of the drug prescriptions, 48.5% were incomplete, 11.3% were ambiguous, and 3.0% contained an error in 2005. These proportions rose to 64.2%, 15.5% and 7.4% in 2010, respectively.Discussions, Conclusion This study showed that physicians' prescriptions comprised numerous omissions and errors with minimal potential for harm. Computerized prescription coupled with advanced decision support is eagerly awaited.Disclosure of Interest None Declared
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