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A comparison of the energy budgets of two freshwater Pulmonates: Lymnaea peregra (Müller) and Physa acuta (Drap.)
Revue Suisse de Zoologie
The energy budgets of two freshwater gastropds, Lymnae peregra and Physa acuta, were compared in similar experimental conditions (20ºC, fed ad libitum with 24h-decayed lettuce), and found to differ in several ways. 1) L. Peregra has a higher assimilation efficiency than P. acuta (72% vs 60%). 2) These species assimilate different components of the ingested food: P. acuta uses a smaller, but more energetic part (probably mainly bacteria), whereas L. peregra assimilate a larger, but less energetic part (probably mainly cellulose). 3) L. peregra allocates more of its assimilated energy to oxygene consumption and mucus production (maintenance investments), wheras P. acuta invest more in growth and reproduction (production investments). Such differences are relevant to the natural habitat of these two species: P. acuta colonizes warm, eutrophic and temporary pools, where decaying material constitue the main part of available resources, and where adult mortality is high and impredictible. By contrast, L. peregra is frequently found in colder, oligotrophic and predictible environements, where living primary producers constitute the main part of available resources, and where biotic interactions are important factors of mortality.
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