Article: article from journal or magazin.
Biochemical characterization of a myelin fraction isolated from rat brain aggregating cell cultures.
Journal of Neurochemistry
Subcellular fractions isolated from rat brain aggregating cell cultures were studied by electron microscopy and showed the presence of typical myelin membranes. The chemical composition of purified culture myelin was similar to the fraction isolated from rat brain in terms of CNP specific activity, protein and lipid composition. The ratio of small to large components of myelin basic protein was comparable in culture and in vivo. These two proteins incorporated radioactive phosphorus. The major myelin glycoprotein was present and during development in culture its apparent molecular weight decreased although it never reached the position observed in myelin isolated from adult rats. In culture, the yield of myelin did not increase substantially between 33 and 50 days and was comparable to that of 15-day-old rat brain. The ratio basic protein to proteolipid protein resembled immature myelin and the cerebroside content was very low. A 'floating fraction' was isolated from the cultures and contained some myelin but mostly single membranes. Although these results indicate that myelin maturation is delayed in vitro this culture system provides substantial amounts of purified myelin to allow a complete biochemical analysis and metabolic studies during development.
Animals, Brain Chemistry, Cell Aggregation, Cells, Cultured, Fetus, Lipids/analysis, Microscopy, Electron, Myelin Proteins/analysis, Myelin Sheath/analysis, Myelin Sheath/ultrastructure, Nerve Tissue Proteins/analysis, Phosphoric Diester Hydrolases/analysis, Rats, Subcellular Fractions/analysis
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