Diagnosis of Pulmonary Embolism During Pregnancy: A Multicenter Prospective Management Outcome Study.

Détails

ID Serval
serval:BIB_BACC1E452B38
Type
Article: article d'un périodique ou d'un magazine.
Collection
Publications
Titre
Diagnosis of Pulmonary Embolism During Pregnancy: A Multicenter Prospective Management Outcome Study.
Périodique
Annals of internal medicine
Auteur(s)
Righini M., Robert-Ebadi H., Elias A., Sanchez O., Le Moigne E., Schmidt J., Le Gall C., Cornuz J., Aujesky D., Roy P.M., Chauleur C., Rutschmann O.T., Poletti P.A., Le Gal G.
Collaborateur(s)
CT-PE-Pregnancy Group
ISSN
1539-3704 (Electronic)
ISSN-L
0003-4819
Statut éditorial
Publié
Date de publication
04/12/2018
Peer-reviewed
Oui
Volume
169
Numéro
11
Pages
766-773
Langue
anglais
Notes
Publication types: Journal Article
Publication Status: ppublish
Résumé
Data on the optimal diagnostic management of pregnant women with suspected pulmonary embolism (PE) are limited, and guidelines provide inconsistent recommendations on use of diagnostic tests.
To prospectively validate a diagnostic strategy in pregnant women with suspected PE.
Multicenter, multinational, prospective diagnostic management outcome study involving pretest clinical probability assessment, high-sensitivity D-dimer testing, bilateral lower limb compression ultrasonography (CUS), and computed tomography pulmonary angiography (CTPA). (ClinicalTrials.gov: NCT00740454).
11 centers in France and Switzerland between August 2008 and July 2016.
Pregnant women with clinically suspected PE in emergency departments.
Pulmonary embolism was excluded in patients with a low or intermediate pretest clinical probability and a negative D-dimer result. All others underwent lower limb CUS and, if results were negative, CTPA. A ventilation-perfusion (V/Q) scan was done if CTPA results were inconclusive. Pulmonary embolism was excluded if results of the diagnostic work-up were negative, and untreated pregnant women had clinical follow-up at 3 months.
The primary outcome was the rate of adjudicated venous thromboembolic events during the 3-month follow-up.
441 women were assessed for eligibility, and 395 were included in the study. Among these, PE was diagnosed in 28 (7.1%) (proximal deep venous thrombosis found on ultrasonography [n = 7], positive CTPA result [n = 19], and high-probability V/Q scan [n = 2]) and excluded in 367 (clinical probability and negative D-dimer result [n = 46], negative CTPA result [n = 290], normal or low-probability V/Q scan [n = 17], and other reason [n = 14]). Twenty-two women received extended anticoagulation during follow-up, mainly for previous venous thromboembolic disease. The rate of symptomatic venous thromboembolic events was 0.0% (95% CI, 0.0% to 1.0%) among untreated women after exclusion of PE on the basis of negative results on the diagnostic work-up.
There were several protocol deviations, reflecting the difficulty of performing studies in pregnant women with suspected PE.
A diagnostic strategy based on assessment of clinical probability, D-dimer measurement, CUS, and CTPA can safely rule out PE in pregnant women.
Swiss National Foundation for Scientific Research, Groupe d'Etude de la Thrombose de Bretagne Occidentale, and International Society on Thrombosis and Haemostasis.
Pubmed
Web of science
Création de la notice
05/11/2018 8:42
Dernière modification de la notice
20/08/2019 15:28
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